SalishGrammar.com

nk̓ʷnk̓ʷcin – Sound Forming

Vowels
Letter namesounds likeexample words
ʕ, pharyngeal Like, e, a, Ɂe, Ɂaʕmut (emut, dwell), ʕmotqn (amotqn, sits-ahead)
ʕ̓ glottalized pharyngeal Like, eɁ, aɁesyaʕ̓ (all), ʕ̓nes (en̓es, enroute)
ʕʷ rounded pharyngeal Like, o, u, ow, uw, Ɂo, Ɂuʕʷlin (olin, stomach), ʕʷlʕʷlim (ululim, money)
ʕ̓ʷ glottalized rounded pharyngeal Like oɁ, uɁsuʕ̓ʷ (water diminishes)
Ɂ glottal stop
t̕éneɁ (ear), yayaɁ (maternal grandmother)
a, áLike the a of father.ta (no), Ɂa (hello)
cLike the ts of cats.cil (five), cuti (saying)
, hard cPlosive cc̓ew̓ (wash), c̓an (secure)
č wedge cLike the ch in church.čelš (hand), čen̓ (where, what state?)
č̓ hard wedge cPlosive č.č̓uw (gone), č̓im (dark)
e, éLike the e of bet.lemt (glad), stem̓ (what?)
əLike the a of about.anwi (you), anəwi
h:ike the h of hat.ha (question), heɁenm (eight)
i, íLike the ea of heat.citxʷ (house), ƛ̓lip (stop)
kLike the c of catlkepu (coat), kapi (coffee)
Like the qu of queenkʷen (take), lkʷut (far)
k̓ʷ hard k wA plosive k̓ʷen̓t (try it), milk̓ʷ (whole)
lLike the l of lawlɁew (father, mas.), kʷil (red)
glottal lA glottalized lx̌ʷl̕ (for), k̓ʷul̕ (work)
ɬ barred l, Like a voiceless lɬm̓ɬam̓ayeɁ (frog)
ƛ̓ lambdaA plosive ɬƛ̓lip (stop), pƛ̓ečst (release)
mLike the m of minemʕmeʕt (bothersome), smɁem (woman)
glottal mA glottalized mm̓y̓m̓y̓im (tell stories), stem̓ (what?)
nLike the n of nownyštetkʷ (deep water), ntels (want)
glottal nA glottalized nn̓kʷect (forest), k̓ʷen̓ (try)
o, ó Like the oa of boatmoʕʷ (flows), hoy (finish)
pLike the p of pitpypiyt (happy), pistem̓ (when)
hard pA plosive pp̓yp̓uyšn (car), ɬip̓ (line)
qSimilar to kqim (calm), sqélixʷ (human)
hard qA plosive qspq̓niɁ (sun), q̓mq̓milš (meeting)
a q wA rounded qqʷamqʷmt (pleasing), qʷlqʷelt (talk)
q̓ʷ hard q wplosive q̓ʷyq̓ʷay (bison), mq̓ʷmoq̓ʷ (mountains)
s Like the s of snakesewɬkʷ (water), sysyus (powerful)
š wedge sLike the sh of shinešwšweɬ (road), šy̓úleɁxʷ (first land)
tLike the t of tiretwmist (purchase), ttwit (boy)
hard tA plosive tt̕yip (fall), esšit̕ (tree)
u, úLike the oo of boott̕uxʷt (fly), nɁuɬxʷ (enter)
wLike the w of waitwisšn (long), sew (ask)
glottal wsimilar to letter uqʷew̓ (crazy), maw̓ (broke)
hard xLike a raspy hx̌es (well), px̌pax̌t (wise)
an x wA rounded voiceless xxʷuy (traverse), citxʷ (house)
x̌ʷ hard x wA rounded x̌ʷa (maybe), nox̌ʷnx̌ʷ (wife)
yLike the y of yakyal (circled), miy (known)
glottal yLike .y̓etɬx̌ʷa (today), šey̓ (that)
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