Suffix

The image above illustrates the suffixes used to indicate positions of an event and a change in event. The arrows indicate the flow of time and space as proceeding through an event.

In linguistics, a suffix (sometimes termed postfix) is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word, (Wikipedia: “Suffix,” n.d.). In nselišcn, there are three types of suffixes:

  • Lexemic Suffix
  • Derivational Suffix
  • Inflectional Suffix

Lexemic Suffix

Derivational Suffix

Subject affixes

  • -en, first person subject
  • -exʷ, second person subject
  • -es, third person subject
  • qeɁ-, first person plural subject
  • -t, second person plural subject
  • -eɁes, third person plural subject

Object affixes

  • qʷo- first person object
  • -ci, second person object
  • qeɁ-/ /-l, first person plural object
  • -em, second person plural object

Transitive Suffix

  • -nt, transitive
  • -st, causative
  • -ɬul, first & second person plural transitive
  • -ɬt, applicative substitutive
  • -šit, applicative benefactive

Imperative Suffix

  • , intransitive imperative
  • -wi, plrual intransitive imperative
  • -šiš, indefinite intransitive imperative
  • -int, transitive imperative
  • -inti, plural transitive imperative
  • -iskʷ, causative imperative
  • -iskʷi, plural causative imperative
  • -šit, benefactive imperative
  • -šiti, plural benefactive imperative

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