Prefix

Prefixes attach to the front of root words, lexemic stem, or stem words changing its meaning.

Locational Prefix

Derivational Prefix

  • s-, nominal
  • sc-, nominal past act
  • sn-, nominal inside
  • sxʷ-, agentive

Dimensional Prefix

  • ɬ-, diminutive
  • kʷtiɬ-, big, extreme

Directional Prefix

  • c-, cis-locative, toward speaker
  • eɬ-, back to, again
  • k̓ʷis-, go, translocate

Lexical Prefix

  • ʕlpɬ-, lose bet
  • c̓w̓ɬ-, wash
  • čɬ–, hunt, go after
  • čtxʷɬ-, add to
  • epɬ-, have, possess
  • k‍ʷ‍ɬ–, take
  • k‍̓‍ʷnšɬ–, how many
    • s-k‍̓‍ʷnšɬ–, how many
  • k‍̓‍ʷl̕ɬ–, made, make
    • sc-k‍̓‍ʷl̕ɬ–, something that’s been made
  • k‍̓‍ʷl̕ys–, change, transform
  • lkʷtɬ-, far off
  • lmɬ-, happy
  • ɬp̓ɬ-, uniform
  • ƛ̓ʕɬ-, search
  • myɬ–, know
  • pnɬ-, time period
  • puɁ–, spouse
  • qeɬ–, offspring of
  • qlixʷɬ-, human
  • sqmɬ-, worthless
  • s-šymɬ–, the example, the epitome
  • swtɬ-, who? somebody
  • tixʷɬ–, acquire, get
  • tmɬ–, not, anti-
  • twɬ-, purchase
  • t̕k̓ʷɬ–, placed, put
  • t̕eɬ–, bad, evil
  • wy-s–, finish, complete
  • xʷc̓‍‍ɬ–, give
  • x̌ʷtɬ-, cut off
  • y̓qʷɬ–, lie, fake, imitation

Quantitative

  • nk‍̓‍ʷ‍ɬ–, together with; one
    • s-nk‍̓‍ʷɬ–, fellow, member of, one of
  • esl–, two
  • čeɬl–, three
  • msɬ–, four
  • clčst–, five
  • t̕q̓nčst–, six
  • sp̓l̕čst–, seven
  • hen̓mɬ–, eight
  • x̌n̓tɬ–, nine
  • upnčst–, ten

Qualitative

  • č̓s–, bad
  • k‍ʷ‍tiɬ–, big, extreme
  • k‍̓‍ʷimɬ–, small
  • pqɬ–, white
  • q̓ʷy–, unturbulent
  • x̌sɬ–, good

Aspectual Prefix

  • es-, stative
  • qɬ-, irrealis possesor
  • qs-, irrealis nominal
  • qes-, irrealis stative
  • ƛ̓m-, used to be

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